We are specialized in complete Dewatering services. We have established ourselves in the field of dewatering using both deep bore well system and open well dewatering system, these services are basically rendered in various infrastructure projects, waste water treatment industries and commercial and residential sectors. We possess highly advanced equipment and dewatering pumps and other allied machines for quick and efficient results. Our professionals are well trained and outfitted with outstanding technical abilities before starting the dewatering work, our experts wisely survey the area and other details such as physical layout, soil condition etc. just to ensure that the given task would be executed in a very systematic manner within the given time frame.
Methods of Dewatering
There are four important dewatering methods one should be aware of:
- Wellpoint method of dewatering,
- Eductor wells,
- Open sump pumping and
- Deep wellpoint method
Wellpoint Method of Dewatering Excavations
1) A series of wells of required depth are created in the vicinity of the excavated area from where the water has to be pumped out. The wells are arranged either in a line or a rectangular form where the wellpoints are created at a distance of at least 2m from each other.
2) Riser pipes or dewatering pipes are then installed into those closely spaced wells which on the surface are connected to a flexible swing pipe which is ultimately appended to a common header pipe that is responsible for discharging the water away from the site.
The purpose of using a flexible swing pipe is just to provide a clear view of what is being pumped and the purpose of header pipe is to create suction as well as discharge the water off the working area.
3) One end of the header pipe is connected to a vacuum pump which draws water through notches in the wellpoint. The water then travels from the wellpoints through the flexible swing pipe into the header pipe to the pump. It is then discharged away from the site or to other processes to remove unwanted properties such as contaminants.
4) The drawdown using this method is restricted to around five to six meters below the wellpoint pump level. If a deeper drawdown is required, multiple stages of wellpoints must be used.
Eductor Wells Method of Dewatering Excavations
The method is very similar to the wellpoint method of dewatering; the only difference lies in the usage of high pressure water in the riser units instead of vacuum to draw out water from the wellpoints. The method uses the venturi principle which is the reduction in fluid pressure that results when a high pressure fluid flows through a constricted section of a pipe.
A high pressure supply main feeds water through a venturi-tube just above the well-screen, creating a reduction in pressure which draws water through the riser pipe.
The high pressure main feeds off the return water. The biggest advantage of using the eductor system is, the water table can be lowered from depths of 10-45 m if multiple pumps are operated from a single pump station. This method therefore becomes economically competitive at depth in soils of low permeability.
Open Sump Pumping Method of Dewatering Excavations
This is the most common and economical method of dewatering as gravity is the main playing force. Sump is created in the excavated area into which the surrounding water converges and accumulates facilitating easy discharge of water through robust solid handling pumps.
Its application is however confined to the areas where soil is either gravelly or sandy. Since the bottom of the sump is situated at a level lower than that of the excavation bottom, it will abridge the seepage way along which groundwater from outside seeps into the excavation zone and as a result the exit gradient of the sump bottom will be larger than that on the excavation surface.
If the excavation area is large, several sumps may be placed along the longer side or simply use a long narrow sump which is called a ditch.
Deep Well Method of Dewatering Excavations
Just like the wellpoint method, wells are drilled around the excavated area, but the diameter of wells in this case varies between 150-200mm. By creating deep wells around the vicinity, the ground water is made to fall into them under the influence of gravity.
As a result, the ground water level in the surroundings would decline. According to the type and arrangement of pumps, the depths of the wells could reach up to 30m. This method is generally adopted when a heavy amount of water from the ground has to be drawn out.
Casings of diameter fitting to wells are installed in order to retain the wells. Additionally, well screens and filters (between sidewalls and casing) are used which serve as a filtering device therefore not letting the unwanted sediments enter into the well.
The water thus accumulated is pumped out using a submersible pump or a centrifugal pump. It is prudent to assess ground-permeability conditions beforehand since the whole process of accumulation and pumping takes quite a bit of time. This may cause settlement in the nearby areas and hence a different technique might need to be adopted.